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Ethiopia Country Profile

President : Mulatu Teshome Wirtu (2013)

Prime Minister : Hailemariam Desalegn (2012)

Land area : 432,310 sq mile (1,119,683 sq km); total area: 435,186 sq mi (1,127,127 sq km)

Population (2014 est.) : 96,633,458

Population growth rate :  2.89% (2014 est.);

Birth rate: 37.66 births/1,000 population (2014 est.);

Death rate: 8.52 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.);

Life expectancy: male: 58.43 years, female: 63.15 years (2014 est.);

Capital and largest city (2011 est.) : Addis Ababa, 2,979 million

Monetary unit : Birr

National name : Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik

Languages : Amharic (official national language), Tigrigna, Orominga, Guaragigna, Somali, Arabic, English, over 70 others

Ethnicity / Race :  Oromo 34.4%, Amhara (Amara) 27%, Somali (Somalie) 6.2%, Tigray (Tigrinya) 6.1%, Sidama 4%, Gurage 2.5%, Welaita 2.3%, Hadiya 1.7%, Afar (Affar) 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, Silte 1.3%, Kefficho 1.2%, other 10.5% (2007 est.)

Religions :  Ethiopian Orthodox 43.5%, Muslim 33.9%, Protestant 18.5%, traditional 2.7%, Catholic 0.7%, other 0.6% (2007 est.)

Economic Summary : 

Ethiopia's economy is based on agriculture but the government is pushing to diversify into manufacturing, textiles, and energy generation.. Coffee is a major export crop. The agricultural sector suffers from poor cultivation practices and frequent drought, but recent joint efforts by the Government of Ethiopia and donors have strengthened Ethiopia's agricultural resilience, contributing to a reduction in the number of Ethiopians threatened with starvation. The banking, insurance, telecommunications, and micro-credit industries are restricted to domestic investors, but Ethiopia has attracted significant foreign investment in textiles, leather, commercial agriculture and manufacturing. Under Ethiopia's constitution, the state owns all land and provides long-term leases to the tenants; land use certificates are now being issued in some areas so that tenants have more recognizable rights to continued occupancy and hence make more concerted efforts to improve their leaseholds. While GDP growth has remained high, per capita income is among the lowest in the world. Ethiopia's economy continues on its state-led Growth and Transformation Plan under the new collective leadership that followed Prime Minister MELES’s death. The five-year economic plan has achieved high single-digit growth rates through government-led infrastructure expansion and commercial agriculture development. Ethiopia in 2014 will continue construction of its Grand Renaissance Dam on the Nile – a controversial five billion dollar effort to develop electricity for domestic consumption and export.

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity) : $118.2 billion (2013 est.);

GDP – Per Capita (PPP) : $1,300 (2013 est.)

GDP - Real growth rate : 7% (2013 est.)

Agriculture : cereals, pulses, coffee, oil seed, cotton, sugarcane, potatoes, chat, cut flowers; hides, cattle, sheep, goats; fish. 

Industries : food processing, beverages, textiles, leather, chemicals, metals processing, cement. 

Natural resources: small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower. 

Exports: $3.214 billion (2013 est.) : coffee, chat, gold, leather products, live animals, oilseeds.

Imports: $10.68 billion (2013 est.) : food and live animals, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, machinery, motor vehicles, cereals, textiles. 

Major trading partners : Djibouti, Germany, Japan, Saudi Arabia, USA., UK, Italy, India, China (2012).


Railways: total: 681 km (Ethiopian segment of the Addis Ababa-Djibouti railroad) (2011).

Highways: total: 44,359 km ; paved: 6,980 km; unpaved: 37,379 km (2011).

Ports and harbors: Ethiopia is landlocked and uses the ports of Djibouti in Djibouti and Berbera in Somalia. 

Airports: 57; 17 with paved runways and 40 with unpaved runways

Holidays in Ethiopia in 2014

Date Holiday Name
7-Jan Ethiopian Christmass (Genna)
13-Jan The Prophet's Birthday (MOULID)
19-Jan Epiphany (Timiket)
2-Mar Adwa Victory Day
18-Apr Ethiopian Good Friday (Siklet)
20-Apr Ethiopian Easter Sunday (Fasika)
1-May International Labor Day (May Day)
5-May Patriots' Day
28-May Derg Downfall Day (National Day)
28-Jul Eid-al-Fitr  (End of Ramadan)
11-Sep Ethiopian New Year (Enkutatash)
27-Sep Finding of the True Cross (Meskel)
4-Oct Eid al-Adha  (Arefa)

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