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Ethiopian climate varies according to the different geographical regions. The central plateau, lie between 1,800 m (6,000 ft) and 2,500 m (8,200 ft) above sea level, covers the large part of the country. Most of the country's major cities and tourist sites are located at this elevation, including historic capitals such as Gondar and Axum.The typical climate in this region is very mild, with temperatures on the most of the highlands averaging below 27°C (80°F). The average minimum during the coldest season is 5.5°C (42°F), while the average maximum rarely exceeds 27°C (80°F). Heavy rainfall occurs in most of the country during June, July, and August. Directly after the rains the highlands are wonderfully green, covered with wildflowers and sublime for trekking.
The modern capital Addis Ababa is situated on the foothills of Mount Entoto at an elevation of around 2,400 m (7,874 ft), and experiences a pleasant climate year round. With fairly moderate climate with minimal seasonal temperature variation. Addis Ababa has a dry season from October - February, a light rainy season from March - May, and a heavy rainy season from June - September. The dry season is the sunniest time of the year, though even at the height of the rainy season in July and August there are still usually several hours per day of bright sunshine. The average annual temperature in Addis Ababa is 16°C (61°F), with daily maximum temperatures averaging 20°C - 25°C (68°F to 77°F) throughout the year, and overnight lows averaging 5°C - 10°C (41°F - 50°F).
In low the lowland fringes of western, eastern and southern Ethiopia, the climate can be significantly hotter and drier. Temperature variations in the lowlands are much greater, and the heat in the desert and the low lying Ethiopian grasslands and shrublands is extreme, with occasional highs of 50°C (122°F ). Dallol, 120 metres below sea level in the harsh salt flats of the Danakil depression, has the world\'s highest average annual temperature of 34°C (93°F).
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia - Average Monthly Climate Data (8 years average)
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