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Afar Region Flag
Afar Region Map


Although it covers a vast area of 270,000 square km running up the border with Djibouti and Eritrea, Afar region is arid, thinly populated and almost bereft of large towns. According to July 2013 estimates of the Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia, the total population of Afar is 1.65 million, of which less than 10% live in urban areas. The tiny capital of Assaita will be replaced by the purpose-built capital of Semere in the near future. Afar region is named for the pastoral people who comprise roughly 92% of its population(the remainder consists mostly of people from elsewhere in Ethiopia who have settled in the region). Geographically, Afar forms the most northeriy part of the Rift valley, and it is characterised by low- lying plains that receive less than 2oomm of rainfall annually. Me Awash River runs through Afar from south to north, draining into a set of desert lakes south of Assaita on the Djiboutian border. salt and various minerals are mined in the region.

Afar Region Major Cities and Population

No. City Name 2013 Population 2017 Population Est.
1 Asayita (Asaita) 24,300 29,963
2 Awash 22,500 24,700
3 Dubti 22,300 24,500
4 Logia 21,200 23,300

Regional States and Chartered Cities of Ethiopia

No. Region Capital City Status Area (Sq. Kilometers) Population 2017 Est.
1 Addis Ababa Addis Ababa City 527 3,434,000
2 Afar Asayita State 72,053 1,812,002
3 Amhara Bahir Dar State 154,709 21,134,988
4 Benishangul-Gumuz Asosa State 50,699 1,066,001
5 Dire Dawa Dire Dawa City 1,559 466,000
6 Gambela Gambela State 29,783 435,999
7 Harari Harar State 334 246,000
8 Oromia Addis Ababa State 284,538 35,467,001
9 Somali Jijiga State 279,252 5,748,998
10 Tigray Mekele State 84,722 5,247,005
11 Southern Nations Nationalities and People (SNNPR) Awasa State 54,400 9,126,000
12 Sidama Awasa State 12,000 3,200,000
13 South West Ethiopia People Region (SWEPR) Bonga State 39,400 2,300,000

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