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Gambela Region Flag
Gambela Region Map


The small state, which covers an area of 25,274 square km along the southern Sudanese border, essentially comprises lush, humid lowland draining into the Baro River, an important tributary of the NileRiver. Relatively remote and undeveloped, Gambella region supports a predominantly rural population of roughly 406,000 ethnically varied people. The main nationalities represented in the vicinity of the regional capital, the small river port of Gambella, are the Nuer and Anuwak, who respectively account for 40% and 27% of the regional population. Minority goups include the Mezhenge, Apana, Komo and various recent migrants from the highlands. Although the state is predominantly Christian, more than half the population subscribes to recently introduced protestant and evangelical denominations, with the remainder adhering to Orthodox Christianity, Islam or traditional animism. A fair amount of wildlife - lion, elephant and buffalo as well as various monkeys and antelope - persists in Gambella region.

Gambela Region Major Cities and Population

No. City Name 2007 Population 2013 Population Est.
1 Gambela 39,022 74,102

Regional States and Chartered Cities of Ethiopia

No. Region Capital City Status Area (Sq. Kilometers) Population 2007 Population 2013 Est.
1 Addis Ababa Addis Ababa City 527 2,739,551 3,104,000
2 Afar Asayita State 72,053 1,390,273 1,650,000
3 Amhara Bahir Dar State 154,709 17,221,976 19,212,000
4 Benishangul-Gumuz Asosa State 50,699 784,345 1,028,000
5 Dire Dawa Dire Dawa City 1,559 341,834 395,000
6 Gambela Gambela State 29,783 307,096 406,000
7 Harari Harar State 334 183,415 215,000
8 Oromia Addis Ababa State 284,538 26,993,933 32,220,000
9 Somali Jijiga State 279,252 4,445,219 5,318,000
10 Tigray Mekele State 84,722 4,316,988 5,062,000
11 Southern Nations Nationalities and People (SNNPR) Awasa State 105,476 14,929,548 17,887,000

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