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Tigray

Ethiopiai's most northerly region is Tigray, which covers 80,000 square km and is administered from its capital city of Mekele. The population totals more than 5.06 million, of which 95% are Orthodox Christian and the remainder Muslim. The Tigraian people, the dominant ethnic group, are agriculturists who also herd cattle and other livestock. Tigray is drier than other parts of highland Ethiopia, and prone to periodic droughts, but the region is intensively cultivated and in some areas terraced. Tigray has been central to many of the more important events in Ethiopian history, from the adoption of Christianity by the Axumite emperor the 4th century, to the defeat of Italy outside Adwa 1,500 years later. The city of Axum and associated archaeological sites are the main tourist attractions, but the 120 rock-hewn churches scattered throughout the east of the country are also well worth exploring.

Tigray Region Major Cities and Population

No. City Name 2007 Population 2013 Population Est.
1 Mekele 215,914 358,529
2 Adigrat 57,588 95,353
3 Shire (Inda Silase) 47,284 78,366
4 Aksum (Axum) 44,647 74,007
5 Alamata 33,214 55,153
6 Adwa 40,500 54,402
7 Wikro (Wukro) 30,210 50,080
8 Maychew 23,419 38,839
9 Humera (Himora ) 21,653 36,074
10 Shiraro 17,045 28,287
11 Korem 16,856 27,900
12 Abiy Adi (Abi Adi) 16,115 26,759
13 Mehoni (Mekhoni) 13,793 20,700
14 May Cadera (May Kadera) 12,850 19,300

Regional States and Chartered Cities of Ethiopia

No. Region Capital City Status Area (Sq. Kilometers) Population 2007 Population 2013 Est.
1 Addis Ababa Addis Ababa City 527 2,739,551 3,104,000
2 Afar Asayita State 72,053 1,390,273 1,650,000
3 Amhara Bahir Dar State 154,709 17,221,976 19,212,000
4 Benishangul-Gumuz Asosa State 50,699 784,345 1,028,000
5 Dire Dawa Dire Dawa City 1,559 341,834 395,000
6 Gambela Gambela State 29,783 307,096 406,000
7 Harari Harar State 334 183,415 215,000
8 Oromia Addis Ababa State 284,538 26,993,933 32,220,000
9 Somali Jijiga State 279,252 4,445,219 5,318,000
10 Tigray Mekele State 84,722 4,316,988 5,062,000
11 Southern Nations Nationalities and People (SNNPR) Awasa State 105,476 14,929,548 17,887,000



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