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Tigray Region Map

Tigray

Ethiopiai's most northerly region is Tigray, which covers 80,000 square km and is administered from its capital city of Mekele. The population totals more than 5.06 million, of which 95% are Orthodox Christian and the remainder Muslim. The Tigraian people, the dominant ethnic group, are agriculturists who also herd cattle and other livestock. Tigray is drier than other parts of highland Ethiopia, and prone to periodic droughts, but the region is intensively cultivated and in some areas terraced. Tigray has been central to many of the more important events in Ethiopian history, from the adoption of Christianity by the Axumite emperor the 4th century, to the defeat of Italy outside Adwa 1,500 years later. The city of Axum and associated archaeological sites are the main tourist attractions, but the 120 rock-hewn churches scattered throughout the east of the country are also well worth exploring.

Tigray Region Major Cities and Population

No. City Name 2013 Population 2017 Population Est.
1 Mekele 286,600 358,529
2 Adigrat 76,400 95,353
3 Shire (Inda Silase) 62,800 78,366
4 Aksum (Axum) 59,300 74,007
5 Alamata 44,100 55,153
6 Adwa 53,800 54,402
7 Wikro (Wukro) 40,100 50,080
8 Maychew 31,100 38,839
9 Humera (Himora ) 28,700 36,074
10 Shiraro 22,600 28,287
11 Korem 22,400 27,900
12 Abiy Adi (Abi Adi) 21,400 26,759
13 Mehoni (Mekhoni) 18,300 20,700
14 May Cadera (May Kadera) 17,100 19,300

Regional States and Chartered Cities of Ethiopia

No. Region Capital City Status Area (Sq. Kilometers) Population 2017 Est.
1 Addis Ababa Addis Ababa City 527 3,434,000
2 Afar Asayita State 72,053 1,812,002
3 Amhara Bahir Dar State 154,709 21,134,988
4 Benishangul-Gumuz Asosa State 50,699 1,066,001
5 Dire Dawa Dire Dawa City 1,559 466,000
6 Gambela Gambela State 29,783 435,999
7 Harari Harar State 334 246,000
8 Oromia Addis Ababa State 284,538 35,467,001
9 Somali Jijiga State 279,252 5,748,998
10 Tigray Mekele State 84,722 5,247,005
11 Southern Nations Nationalities and People (SNNPR) Awasa State 93,476 15,970,007
12 Sidama Awasa State 12,000 3,200,000



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