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Amhara

Governed from its large modern capital city of Bahir Dar, on the southern tip of Lake Tana, Amhara covers an area of 170,752 square km and supports a population estimated at 19.2 million in 2013. Although the substantial cities of Bahr Dar, Gondar and Dessie all lie within Amhara, roughly 90% of the region's population is rural. The Amhara people for whom the state is named comprise more than 90% of the population, and Orthodox Christians outnumber Muslims by a ratio of 4:1. Several of Ethiopia most popular tourist sites lie in Amhara, most notably the former imperial capitals of Lalibela and Gondar. The Simien Mountains to the north of Gondar include Ethiopia highest peak, the 4,620m Mount Ras Dejen, and harbour the country's main concentrations of the endemic gelada baboon and Walia Ibex. Lake Tana, Ethiopia largest body of water and source of the Blue Nile also falls within Amhara, as does the Blue Nile Falls.

Amhara Region Major Cities and Population

No. City Name 2013 Population 2017 Population Est.
1 Gondar (Gonder ) 265,000 360,600
2 Bahir Dar 198,900 313,997
3 Dessie (Desie) 153,700 209,226
4 Debre Birhan (Debre Berhan) 83,500 113,693
5 Debre Markos (Debre Marqos) 80,000 108,882
6 Kombolcha (Kembolcha ) 75,100 102,244
7 Debre Tabor 71,100 96,973
8 Weldiya 59,000 80,484
9 Kobo 31,800 57,789
10 Metema N/A 51,840
11 Azezo 35,000 50,000
12 Bure 26,100 45,308
13 Finote Selam 33,200 45,215
14 Motta (Mota) 33,500 41,000
15 Sekota (Soqota) 28,600 38,937
16 Dangla (Dangila) 31,800 38,900
17 Gorgora 4,783 36,498
18 Chagni (Chagne ) 29,700 36,400
19 Debark (Debarq) 26,700 36,244
20 Kemise (Kemisie) 24,900 33,887
21 Wereta (Werota) 27,200 33,200
22 Injibara 27,000 33,000
23 Dembecha 15,008 31,243
24 Nefas Mewcha 25,100 30,700
25 Adet 21,117 30,000
26 Mer Awi (Merawi) 23,900 29,300
27 Bati 21,400 29,084
28 Dabat 52,574 27,510
29 Shewa Robit 22,500 27,500
30 Lalibela 22,200 27,200
31 Tis Abay 22,200 27,200
32 Bichena 20,700 25,400
33 Addis Zemen 20,600 25,300
34 Mersa 20,600 25,300
35 Ayikel (Chilga) 19,400 23,600
36 Mekane Yesus 17,800 21,800
37 Were Ilu 10,062 19,964
38 Addi Arkay N/A 18,082
39 Debre Sina N/A 15,208
40 Dejen 15,483 15,158
41 Debre Werk 10,579 13,908
42 Ankober 2,288 7,664
43 Amanuel N/A N/A

Regional States and Chartered Cities of Ethiopia

No. Region Capital City Status Area (Sq. Kilometers) Population 2017 Est.
1 Addis Ababa Addis Ababa City 527 3,434,000
2 Afar Asayita State 72,053 1,812,002
3 Amhara Bahir Dar State 154,709 21,134,988
4 Benishangul-Gumuz Asosa State 50,699 1,066,001
5 Dire Dawa Dire Dawa City 1,559 466,000
6 Gambela Gambela State 29,783 435,999
7 Harari Harar State 334 246,000
8 Oromia Addis Ababa State 284,538 35,467,001
9 Somali Jijiga State 279,252 5,748,998
10 Tigray Mekele State 84,722 5,247,005
11 Southern Nations Nationalities and People (SNNPR) Awasa State 93,476 15,970,007
12 Sidama Awasa State 12,000 3,200,000



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