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Amhara

Governed from its large modern capital city of Bahir Dar, on the southern tip of Lake Tana, Amhara covers an area of 170,752 square km and supports a population estimated at 19.2 million in 2013. Although the substantial cities of Bahr Dar, Gondar and Dessie all lie within Amhara, roughly 90% of the region's population is rural. The Amhara people for whom the state is named comprise more than 90% of the population, and Orthodox Christians outnumber Muslims by a ratio of 4:1. Several of Ethiopia most popular tourist sites lie in Amhara, most notably the former imperial capitals of Lalibela and Gondar. The Simien Mountains to the north of Gondar include Ethiopia highest peak, the 4,620m Mount Ras Dejen, and harbour the country's main concentrations of the endemic gelada baboon and Walia Ibex. Lake Tana, Ethiopia largest body of water and source of the Blue Nile also falls within Amhara, as does the Blue Nile Falls.

Amhara Region Major Cities and Population

No. City Name 2007 Population 2013 Population Est.
1 Gondar (Gonder ) 207,044 360,600
2 Bahir Dar 155,428 313,997
3 Dessie (Desie) 120,095 209,226
4 Debre Birhan (Debre Berhan) 65,231 113,693
5 Debre Markos (Debre Marqos) 62,497 108,882
6 Kombolcha (Kembolcha ) 58,667 102,244
7 Debre Tabor 55,596 96,973
8 Weldiya 46,139 80,484
9 Kobo 24,867 57,789
10 Metema 51,840
11 Azezo 35,000 50,000
12 Bure 20,410 45,308
13 Finote Selam 25,913 45,215
14 Motta (Mota) 26,177 41,000
15 Sekota (Soqota) 22,346 38,937
16 Dangla (Dangila) 24,827 38,900
17 Gorgora 4,783 36,498
18 Chagni (Chagne ) 23,232 36,400
19 Debark (Debarq) 20,839 36,244
20 Kemise (Kemisie) 19,420 33,887
21 Wereta (Werota) 21,222 33,200
22 Injibara 21,065 33,000
23 Dembecha 15,008 31,243
24 Nefas Mewcha 19,620 30,700
25 Adet 21,117 30,000
26 Mer Awi (Merawi) 18,682 29,300
27 Bati 16,710 29,084
28 Dabat 52,574 27,510
29 Shewa Robit 17,575 27,500
30 Lalibela 17,367 27,200
31 Tis Abay 17,370 27,200
32 Bichena 16,206 25,400
33 Addis Zemen 16,113 25,300
34 Mersa 16,122 25,300
35 Ayikel (Chilga) 15,127 23,600
36 Mekane Yesus 13,901 21,800
37 Were Ilu 10,062 19,964
38 Addi Arkay 18,082
39 Debre Sina 15,208
40 Dejen 15,483 15,158
41 Debre Werk 10,579 13,908
42 Ankober 2,288 7,664
43 Amanuel

Regional States and Chartered Cities of Ethiopia

No. Region Capital City Status Area (Sq. Kilometers) Population 2007 Population 2013 Est.
1 Addis Ababa Addis Ababa City 527 2,739,551 3,104,000
2 Afar Asayita State 72,053 1,390,273 1,650,000
3 Amhara Bahir Dar State 154,709 17,221,976 19,212,000
4 Benishangul-Gumuz Asosa State 50,699 784,345 1,028,000
5 Dire Dawa Dire Dawa City 1,559 341,834 395,000
6 Gambela Gambela State 29,783 307,096 406,000
7 Harari Harar State 334 183,415 215,000
8 Oromia Addis Ababa State 284,538 26,993,933 32,220,000
9 Somali Jijiga State 279,252 4,445,219 5,318,000
10 Tigray Mekele State 84,722 4,316,988 5,062,000
11 Southern Nations Nationalities and People (SNNPR) Awasa State 105,476 14,929,548 17,887,000



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