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Afar Region Flag
Afar Region Map


Although it covers a vast area of 270,000 square km running up the border with Djibouti and Eritrea, Afar region is arid, thinly populated and almost bereft of large towns. According to July 2013 estimates of the Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia, the total population of Afar is 1.65 million, of which less than 10% live in urban areas. The tiny capital of Assaita will be replaced by the purpose-built capital of Semere in the near future. Afar region is named for the pastoral people who comprise roughly 92% of its population(the remainder consists mostly of people from elsewhere in Ethiopia who have settled in the region). Geographically, Afar forms the most northeriy part of the Rift valley, and it is characterised by low- lying plains that receive less than 2oomm of rainfall annually. Me Awash River runs through Afar from south to north, draining into a set of desert lakes south of Assaita on the Djiboutian border. salt and various minerals are mined in the region.

Afar Region Major Cities and Population

No. City Name 2007 Population 2013 Population Est.
1 Asayita (Asaita) 16,052 29,963
2 Awash 14,880 24,700
3 Dubti 14,715 24,500
4 Logia 14,038 23,300

Regional States and Chartered Cities of Ethiopia

No. Region Capital City Status Area (Sq. Kilometers) Population 2007 Population 2013 Est.
1 Addis Ababa Addis Ababa City 527 2739551 3104000
2 Afar Asayita State 72,053 1390273 1650000
3 Amhara Bahir Dar State 154,709 17221976 19212000
4 Benishangul-Gumuz Asosa State 50,699 784345 1028000
5 Dire Dawa Dire Dawa City 1,559 341834 395000
6 Gambela Gambela State 29,783 307096 406000
7 Harari Harar State 334 183415 215000
8 Oromia Addis Ababa State 284,538 26993933 32220000
9 Somali Jijiga State 279,252 4445219 5318000
10 Tigray Mekele State 84,722 4316988 5062000
11 Southern Nations Nationalities and People (SNNPR) Awasa State 105,476 14929548 17887000

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